Pericardial Mesothelioma

The 3rd least common type of mesothelioma is pericardial mesothelioma.  This is diagnosed when an asbestos-related cancer invades the fluid sac lining that surrounds the heart (pericardium).  Pericardial mesothelioma usually occurs when cancer spreads from the lining of the lungs (pleural mesothelioma) to the lining of the heart.  As cancer progresses, the heart is unable to efficiently produce oxygen to the rest of the body. This is what causes an extreme and rapid decline in health.  Pericardial mesothelioma is the rarest type of mesothelioma which consequently makes it the least treatable.

Pericardial Mesothelioma Symptoms

Mesothelioma in general is difficult to diagnose because there are no real symptoms in the early stages. Furthermore, once symptoms do start to develop, they are often mistaken for common illnesses.  Early symptoms include coughing, muscle weakness, night sweats, fever, and fatigue. Unfortunately, early symptoms go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed until further warning signs become apparent from more serious symptoms. It is important to see your doctor if you have or develop any of these symptoms listed above, especially if you have also been exposed to asbestos in the past.

Pericardial Mesothelioma Symptoms

  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Dyspnea
  • Paradoxical pulse
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue and weakness

Advanced Stages Of Mesothelioma Symptoms

  • Nerve problems
  • Bone pain
  • Horner’s syndrome
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Nerve problems in the arm

Mesothelioma symptoms often don’t emerge until about 20 to 50 years after initial exposure, and the symptoms do not appear until the disease has progressed into advanced stages.

Pericardial Mesothelioma Stages

Simply clarifying, the 4 stages of mesothelioma only describe the cases dealing with Pleural Mesothelioma.  Despite that fact, Doctors still use a staging method, and we strongly believe that knowing the stages and how mesothelioma doctors describe cancer severity will be not only useful, but beneficial for you to make the best, sound, and educated decision possible.

Stage 1 Pericardial Mesothelioma

Stage 1 Pericardial Mesothelioma

The least serious stage is stage l.  No lymph node involvement, and the patient usually qualifies for extrapleural pneumonectomy.  This surgery attempts to remove the tumor and as much of its growth as possible. Highest rate of survival.

Stage 2 Pericardial Mesothelioma

Stage 2 Pericardial Mesothelioma

In stage ll, the tumor has become larger and it has invaded the diaphragm or the lung. Lymph nodes may now be involved. Doctors may mistake the signs of this stage of mesothelioma for other illnesses, such as the flu.  Patients at this stage have likely lost weight but still feel bloated. Surgical resection may still be possible
Stage 3 Pericardial Mesothelioma

Stage 3 Pericardial Mesothelioma

In Stage lll, the mesothelioma has now invaded an area of the chest wall or other region such as the esophagus, chest wall or the lymph nodes. At this time surgery is usually ruled out as a beneficial treatment.  Patient usually will be suffering from sever chest pains along with discomfort throughout the body.
Stage 4 Pericardial Mesothelioma

Stage 4 Pericardial Mesothelioma

Stage lV mesothelioma has now invaded multiple areas of the body including the diaphragm, pericardium, lymph nodes and other organs. The cancer may also be present in the bloodstream, liver, or bones as well. Surgical option is no longer feasible. Chemotherapy & radiation treatments are now used to extend the life of the patient and provide symptom relief.

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Pericardial Mesothelioma Treatment Options

Surgery Options For Pericardial Mesothelioma

Pericardiectomy is a surgery of removing the outer lining of the heart to treat several pericardium diseases. It helps people suffering from chest pain, fatigue, breathing difficulty, and heart palpitations.

A surgery to remove the fluid upsurge and build up in the protective lining of the pericardium (lining of heart).

Last Modified:Apr 14, 2017 @ 12:05 am

Sources:

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  • 8Juan Ruiz-García et al. “Percutaneous Balloon Pericardiotomy as the Initial and Definitive Treatment for Malignant Pericardial Effusion.” Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013;66:357-63 – Vol. 66 Num.05 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2012.09.016
  • 9Neyyir Tuncay Eren, MD, A. Ruchan Akar, MD. “Primary Pericardial Mesothelioma. Current Treatment Options in Oncology 2002.” 3:369–373 Current Science Inc.
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center. (n.d.). Pericardiectomy. Retrieved from http://www.utsouthwestern.edu/utsw/cda/dept27737/files/345006.html
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  • Suman, S., Schofield, P. and Large, S. (2004, January). Primary Pericardial Mesothelioma Presenting as Pericardial Constriction: A Case Report. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1767997/
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