The tissue lining of the abdominal cavity is called the peritoneum. It contains a fluid which aids in keeping the contents of the abdomen safe. When asbestos is consumed (not inhaled), Peritoneal Mesothelioma may occur. Mesothelioma cancer can take anywhere from 20-50 years to develop so it is important to learn everything there is to know about asbestos and where/if you came into contact with it in years prior.
This specific type of mesothelioma accounts for approximately 1 out of every 4 (25%) mesothelioma cases. Peritoneal mesothelioma usually does not spread to other parts of the body.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma Symptoms
Mesothelioma in general is difficult to diagnose because there are no real symptoms in the early stages. Furthermore, once symptoms do start to develop, they are often mistaken for common illnesses. Early symptoms include coughing, muscle weakness, night sweats, fever, and fatigue. Unfortunately, early symptoms go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed until further warning signs become apparent from more serious symptoms. It is important to see your doctor if you have or develop any of these symptoms listed above, especially if you have also been exposed to asbestos in the past.
Symptoms of Peritoneal Mesothelioma
- Localized abdominal pain
- Abdominal swelling
- Unexplained weight loss
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Fluid build-up in the abdomen
Advanced Stages Of Mesothelioma Symptoms
- Nerve problems
- Bone pain
- Horner’s syndrome
- Nerve problems in the arm
Mesothelioma symptoms often don’t emerge until about 20 to 50 years after initial exposure, and the symptoms do not appear until the disease has progressed into advanced stages.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma Stages
Just to clarify, the 4 stages of mesothelioma only describe the cases dealing with Pleural Mesothelioma. Despite that fact, Doctors still use a staging method, and we strongly believe that knowing the stages and how doctors describe cancer severity will be not only useful, but beneficial for you in the long run. This is our version of infographic models which can be used to better understand how severe your peritoneal mesothelioma may be.
Stage 1 Peritoneal Mesothelioma
The least serious stage is stage l. No lymph node involvement, and the patient usually qualifies for extrapleural pneumonectomy. This surgery attempts to remove the tumor and as much of its growth as possible. Highest rate of survival.
Stage 2 Peritoneal Mesothelioma
In stage ll, the tumor has become larger and it has invaded the diaphragm or the lung. Lymph nodes may now be involved. Doctors may mistake the signs of this stage of mesothelioma for other illnesses, such as the flu. Patients at this stage have likely lost weight but still feel bloated. Surgical resection may still be possible
Stage 3 Peritoneal mesothelioma
In Stage lll, the mesothelioma has now invaded an area of the chest wall or other region such as the esophagus, chest wall or the lymph nodes. At this time surgery is usually ruled out as a beneficial treatment. Patient usually will be suffering from sever chest pains along with discomfort throughout the body.
Stage 4 Peritoneal mesothelioma
Stage lV mesothelioma has now invaded multiple areas of the body including the diaphragm, pericardium, lymph nodes and other organs. The cancer may also be present in the bloodstream, liver, or bones as well. Surgical option is no longer feasible. Chemotherapy & radiation treatments are now used to extend the life of the patient and provide symptom relief.
Traditional Peritoneal Mesothelioma Treatment Options
Surgery Options For Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Paracentesis is often performed to remove the excess ascetic fluid buildup in their abdominal cavity. Basically, it is a surgical method where a needle is inserted between the abdominal walls, membranes, and organs in the abdominal cavity to remove the excess fluid. It is also known as an Ascites or Abdominal tap and often performed therapeutic as well as diagnostic purposes.
Also known as pleuroscopy, this is a procedure where a thoracoscope is introduced through a tiny incision in the chest. Through other small incision, an endoscope is inserted to obtain internal images and videos. When surgeons perform thoracoscopy to aid another surgery, it is termed as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or VATS.
This is an extensive surgical procedure that exposes the patients’ lungs, heart, diaphragm, and trachea to the doctor. It is a 4 to 10-inch long incision made on any side of the chest. It helps the doctor to perform wedge resection, lobectomy, pneumonectomy, segmentectomy, extrapleural pneumonectomy and pleurectomy/decortication like major surgical treatments to manage the lung cancer.
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