What is Mesothelioma?
Correct Answer: Asbestos
Types of Mesothelioma
About 75% of mesothelioma cases begin in cells that line the sacs of the chest, the pleura, which is the outer lining of the internal chest wall and lungs. Because the tissue which covers the heart (pericardium) is close to the pleura, this cancer sometimes spreads to the lining of the heart.
The lining of the abdominal cavity is called the peritoneum. It contains fluid which aids in keeping the contents of abdomen safe and accounts for approximately 25% of mesothelioma cases. This type of asbestos-related cancer usually does not spread to other parts of the body.
The least common type is pericardial mesothelioma which involves the heart. Cancer invades the sac which surrounds the heart (pericardium). As it progresses, the heart is unable to get oxygen to the body efficiently. This causes a rapid decline in health.
4 Stages of Mesothelioma
Doctors use four primary stages, Stage l, ll, lll, or lV, to determine the severity and extent of the cancer throughout the body. These stages also determine the extent of cancer within the body. A lower stage number means you have more treatment options and a better chance for long-term survival.
Doctors use these stages to describe the cancer to patients and to one another about how advanced the cancer is, how many tumors there are and how far the cancer has spread within the body. It is an important assessment tool because once the doctor knows the stage of the cancer, he can then develop a table of treatment options where he will be able to determine which treatments are available and which are not. Watch the video or click on the button below to learn more.
The People Affected by Asbestos the Most
Cancer of the mesothelium has been directly linked due to being exposed of asbestos. Asbestos had been used for almost 100 hundred years in industries such as manufacturing, construction, and shipbuilding. Almost every branch of the Armed Forces used asbestos until the 1970’s. It was used in vehicles, ships and aircrafts because it was highly regarded for its resistance to heat as well as its fire-proofing capabilities.
The group highest at risk are veterans who served their country during the years from 1940 to 1980. Military Veterans make up almost a third of all legal cases in addition to those who qualify for special benefits from the Veterans Administration. Watch video to learn more!